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22/09/2021

A veterinary emergency in the dog: the Pyometra

A bitch can go her life without having a baby. It is not a "compulsory" for her and will not bring her any additional well-being. Despite this, whether or not I have been covered, she can trigger a pyometra. We consider this case to be an Emergency and it must be dealt with as soon as possible.

The pyometra is characterized by an accumulation of pus in the uterus. Usually, pyometra can occur four to six weeks after the bitch becomes hot. This period is called metoestrus and corresponds to a secretion of progesterone (a hormone). Several factors come into play: a hormonal imbalance coupled with a bacterial infection and a predominant role of progesterone since the disease appears when the level of this one is high. It concerns bitches over the age of five who have never been pregnant, whether they have been covered or not. Two types of pyometra exist: one said to be closed, the other said to be open, where the symptoms are less obvious. The symptoms of a pyometra can be numerous and varied: vulvar discharge, depression, anorexia, polyuropolydipsia syndrome (the bitch drinks and urinates a lot), diarrhea, vomiting, etc.

Treat without delay

A pyometra must be treated quickly, because its outcome is fatal if not treated in time. Also, if in doubt, consult the veterinarian. Palpation, radiography, ultrasound will allow him to refine his diagnosis. Treatment is preferably surgical (ovario-hysterectomy: removal of both ovaries and the uterus). In bitches whose general condition is poor, the veterinarian may have recourse to medical treatment by emptying the uterine contents and antibiotic treatment. But this solution has a lower success rate than the operation. However, it is estimated that 60 % of pyometers could be treated medically if the diagnosis was made early enough. Taken on time, a bitch recovers quickly. Of course, she won't be able to have any more babies, but a bitch can live that way. It does not change his temperament as we sometimes hear it said. Conversely, in the male who has served, it is possible that his character is even more assertive.

Article Posted by SantéVet

Article written by Vete.be

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