Foods that are dangerous for your cat
Onion, garlic, leek, chives
This family of foods contains components that will destroy red blood cells in cats, which will trigger anemia and jaundice. A few grams are enough to be toxic. Watch out for baby foods that contain it.
Grapes and grapes
Responsible for kidney failure without knowing how, grapes and their grains are toxic to your cat.
It contains highly toxic methylxanthine. Dark chocolate is even more concentrated of this substance. Doses of 2 grams of dark / dark per kilo and 10 grams per kilo of milk chocolate are sufficient to be toxic.
This list is not exhaustive and other foods can be toxic to your cat (or your dog). It is important to understand that they are not made like us human beings and are not able to digest the same ingredients.
Chocolate poisoning in dogs
Dogs are more sensitive to chocolate than humans. Half a bar of chocolate can already lead to fatal poisoning in dogs. The toxicity depends on the type of chocolate and the amount ingested.
Two to four hours after ingestion, the animal may show restlessness, vomiting and diarrhea. He urinates often, breathes faster, his heart beats faster, and he may have a fever. A few hours later, seizures and heart rhythm disturbances may occur. Poisoning can be fatal.
When to worry
If your dog has swallowed more than 10 grams of milk chocolate per kilogram of body weight (100 grams for a 10 kg dog, 200 grams for a 20 kg dog, ...)
If your dog has swallowed more than 10 grams of milk chocolate per kilogram of body weight (100 grams for a 10 kg dog, 200 grams for a 20 kg dog,…).
It is not necessary to intervene if the dog has taken less than the amounts listed above, or if he has eaten white chocolate. There is no antidote.
There is no antidote. Treatment is symptomatic. In case of recent ingestion (<2 h) and if there are no symptoms, induce vomiting.
Quickly contact 0475 / 71.99.45 if you have any doubts.
A veterinary emergency in the dog: the Pyometra
A bitch can go her life without having a baby. It is not a "compulsory" for her and will not bring her any additional well-being. Despite this, whether or not I have been covered, she can trigger a pyometra. We consider this case to be an Emergency and it must be dealt with as soon as possible.
The pyometra is characterized by an accumulation of pus in the uterus. Usually, pyometra can occur four to six weeks after the bitch becomes hot. This period is called metoestrus and corresponds to a secretion of progesterone (a hormone). Several factors come into play: a hormonal imbalance coupled with a bacterial infection and a predominant role of progesterone since the disease appears when the level of this one is high. It concerns bitches over the age of five who have never been pregnant, whether they have been covered or not. Two types of pyometra exist: one said to be closed, the other said to be open, where the symptoms are less obvious. The symptoms of a pyometra can be numerous and varied: vulvar discharge, depression, anorexia, polyuropolydipsia syndrome (the bitch drinks and urinates a lot), diarrhea, vomiting, etc.
Treat without delay
A pyometra must be treated quickly, because its outcome is fatal if not treated in time. Also, if in doubt, consult the veterinarian. Palpation, radiography, ultrasound will allow him to refine his diagnosis. Treatment is preferably surgical (ovario-hysterectomy: removal of both ovaries and the uterus). In bitches whose general condition is poor, the veterinarian may have recourse to medical treatment by emptying the uterine contents and antibiotic treatment. But this solution has a lower success rate than the operation. However, it is estimated that 60 % of pyometers could be treated medically if the diagnosis was made early enough. Taken on time, a bitch recovers quickly. Of course, she won't be able to have any more babies, but a bitch can live that way. It does not change his temperament as we sometimes hear it said. Conversely, in the male who has served, it is possible that his character is even more assertive.
Article Posted by SantéVet